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我国将全面实施地区生产总值统一核算
2020-01-08 01:42   来源:  www.excelsiorpage.com   评论:0 点击:

我国将全面实施地区生产总值统一核算新华社北京1月5日电(记者陈炜伟)国家发展改革委副主任兼国家统计局局

  新华社北京1月5日电(记者陈炜伟)国家发展改革委副主任兼国家统计局局长宁吉喆5日说,从2019年年度地区生产总值核算开始,我国将正式实施地区生产总值统一核算改革。

BEIJING, January 5(Xinhua)-- Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission and director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said on Friday that China will formally implement a unified accounting reform of regional gross domestic product from the beginning of its annual GDP accounting in 2019.

  全国统计工作会议5日在北京举行。宁吉喆在会上介绍,地区生产总值统一核算是统计改革的突破口和标志性成果。各地区、各单位要健全工作机制,完善核算方法,夯实基础数据,推动实现地区生产总值汇总数与国内生产总值基本衔接。

The National Conference on Statistics was held in Beijing on the 5th. Ning Jizhe told the meeting that the unified accounting of regional GDP is the breakthrough and iconic results of statistical reform. All regions and units should improve their working mechanism, improve accounting methods, consolidate basic data and promote the basic link between the aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) and GDP.

  自1985年我国建立生产总值核算制度以来,一直采取分级核算制度,即国家统计局核算国内生产总值,各省区市统计局核算本地区生产总值。长期以来,国家统计局和各地区统计局不断改进完善核算方法,国内生产总值和地区生产总值数据质量逐步提高。但在实施过程中,分级核算制度的弊端逐渐暴露,突出表现在地区与全国数据不衔接,地区生产总值汇总数长期高于国内生产总值。

Since the establishment of the gross domestic product accounting system in 1985, China has been adopting a hierarchical accounting system, that is, the National Bureau of Statistics accounts for the gross domestic product, and the provincial, district and municipal statistical offices account for the region's gross domestic product. For a long time, the National Bureau of Statistics and regional statistical offices have continuously improved their accounting methods, and gradually improved the quality of GDP and regional GDP data. However, in the process of implementation, the malpractice of the hierarchical accounting system is gradually exposed, highlighting that the regional and national data are not linked, and the aggregate number of regional GDP is higher than the gross domestic product for a long time.

  据了解,改革后,地区生产总值将由各省区市统计局负责核算改革为国家统计局统一组织、领导和实施,各省区市统计局共同参与核算。改革后,各地区生产总值数据将由国家统计局统一部署公布或授权各地区统计局公布本地区数据。

It is understood that after the reform, the regional GDP will be responsible for the accounting reform by the provincial, district and municipal statistical bureaus for the unified organization, leadership and implementation of the National Bureau of Statistics, and the provincial, district and municipal statistical bureaus will participate in the accounting. After the reform, the GDP data of each region will be published by the National Bureau of Statistics in a unified manner or the regional statistical offices will be authorized to publish the local data.

  此外,2020年国家统计局还部署多项重点任务。宁吉喆介绍,要开展第七次全国人口普查、国家脱贫攻坚普查;深度开发利用第四次全国经济普查成果;推进统计监测与分析研究,强化月度、季度、年度宏观指标和先行指标监测,为国家科学决策和宏观调控提供优质统计服务;持续完善高质量发展统计体系,进一步完善“三新”统计监测,建立健全农业、制造业、服务业高质量发展统计监测制度,扎实开展区域发展战略监测;认真开展2020年统计督察工作,严肃查处统计造假、弄虚作假等。

In addition, a number of priority missions were deployed by the National Statistics Office in 2020. Ning Jizhe said it is necessary to carry out the seventh national census and the national census to tackle poverty; develop and utilize the results of the fourth national economic census in depth; promote statistical monitoring and research, strengthen the monitoring of monthly, quarterly and annual macro-indexes and leading indicators, and provide high-quality statistical services for national scientific decision-making and macro-control; continuously improve the statistical system of high-quality development, further improve the \"three new\" statistical monitoring system, establish and improve the statistical monitoring system for the high-quality development of agriculture, manufacturing and service industries, and carry out solid monitoring of regional development strategy; conscientiously carry out the work of statistical inspectors in 2020, and seriously investigate and deal with fraud and fraud.


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